Canadian Open Data and Free Geospatial Data Resources: Almost anyone in the geospatial community would agree that a major part of any GIS project would be the data sets involved. The data can be in the form of vectors, rasters, aerial photography or statistical tabular data and most often the data component can be very costly or labor intensive. But it doesn’t always have to be that way, as there are plenty of great resources available that offer free Canadian open data that you can use with your geomatics projects to generate geospatial products. In fact more and more are popping up all over the web and some cities like Ottawa are even having contests to help promote the use of their data.

Over the past few years CanadianGIS.com has been highlighting and promoting various cities and provinces in Canada that have done a great job providing Open Geospatial Data and applications to the public. During that time there has been plenty of great praise, feedback and emails regarding these efforts in helping to promote Canadian geospatial data and ensuring that everybody in the geomatics community knows where to find data for their projects.

We created this page in 2010 as a way to collaborate links to all Canadian Open Data (sites that offer data downloads at no cost and without restrictions), free geospatial data, online web mapping applications and other sources of geospatial information (including National, Provincial and Municipal levels). If you know of any other Canadian open data that we have not listed here then let us know and we will include it in the list. In the mean time start using some of these great resources that we have available in Canada to generate geospatial products.

[page last updated October 2016]

Download Canadian Open Data Resources


National Data

GeoGratis

Canadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - GeoGratisGeoGratis by Natural Resources Canada offers geospatial data including satellite imagery, tabular and vector Data in a wide range of formats. They have also recently added a few APIs to their collection and completely revamped the web site – Note: GeoGratis has a new and improved web site released in 2013
http://www.geogratis.gc.ca

Geobase

A federal, provincial and territorial government initiative created by the Canadian Council on Geomatics, user registration is required for downloading data but there are no costs. Note: Although Natural Resources Canada is a major contributor to Geobase the data sets found here are not always the same as on GeoGratis so it is a good idea to check both sites when doing your data searches.
http://www.geobase.ca

Canadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data

GeoConnections

The GeoConnections Discovery Portal is a metadata catalogue that enables GIS users, developers and data suppliers to locate online location based Canadian geospatial information, including maps and satellite images focused in public health, public safety and security, the environment and sustainable development, Aboriginal matters, and geomatics technology development. Data from this site varies and includes thematic data, topographic data, satellite imagery, air photos and much more.
http://geodiscover.cgdi.ca
http://geoconnections.nrcan.gc.ca (GeoConnections program information and resources)

Atlas of Canada

Canadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - Canadian Northern MapThe Atlas of Canada has been around for more then 100 years but has changed significantly since its early days (http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/history.html). The majority of content on this site consist of pre-made geographic map products at a national level that you can order or download for free & print on your own. Note: The website is changing again, to match the way maps are retrieved and displayed to comply with the Government of Canada’s web content accessibility guidelines.
http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca
http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/dataservices/wallmaps.html

http://canadiangis.com/new-atlas-of-canada-map-featuring-the-canadian-north.php

Government of Canada Open Data Portal

This is the Government of Canada’s commitment to open government that aims to drive innovation and economic opportunities for all Canadians. It was developed mainly as a central location for making government data freely available in industry standard recognized formats. Lots of data found here from several different Canadian Government Departments as well as links to Provincial and Municipal open government geospatial sites.
http://www.data.gc.ca & http://open.canada.ca/en/open-data

CanMatrix Topographic Maps – Print Ready Topographic Maps, these maps are no longer updated however contain over 42,000 maps covering all regions of Canada, and are still widely used by people all across the country http://geogratis.gc.ca/api/en/nrcan-rncan/ess-sst/CB864DC7-25A1-5136-57F4-C095CE1C6A6D.html

More Canadian Data Sources

Free Georeferenced Topographic Map Sheets

3D Canadian Buildings & Landmarks to your GIS projects

Trans Canada TrailCanadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - 3D image of Parliament Hill Ottawa

UTM zones & rows map – With this world map you can easily find out what UTM zone you are working from.

Environment Canada

Various environmental data collections from Environment Canada; in many disciplines including wildlife, biodiversity, water, air, soil, climate, pollution, environmental prediction and environmental technologies.
http://www.ec.gc.ca/scitech/default.asp?lang=En&n=EE731FE6-1

Water and Environmental Hub (WEHUB) – A project with a cloud based open data platform to help make it easier for individuals and organizations to find, access, and share water and environmental data. http://waterandenvironmentalhub.ca/

Statistics Canada A large variety of census data is available for free from Statistics Canada http://www.statcan.gc.ca/


Provincial & Regional Canadian Data

Alberta

Alberta Open Data Portal – The portal makes data that the Government of Alberta collects on behalf of citizens publicly available https://open.alberta.ca/opendata

AltaLIS Alberta data available through a partnership with the Alberta Government and Spatial Data Warehouse, it has been the main supplier of Alberta Base Mapping Data to the private sector since 1998. AltaLIS offers digital mapping products categorized into three main groups: Property, Base, and Terrain. Note: Most data at this site is not free but they do offer updated imagery products for almost 40% of the province.
http://www.altalis.com/altalis.html

Canadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - Open Data Areas Alberta (ODAA) Open Data Areas Alberta (ODAA) – ODAA is a new undertaking being spearheaded by Alberta Data Partnerships to put extensive data in the hands of those who can use it. Datasets from six key rural areas across Alberta is available for no cost – download data from Beaver Hills, Fort McMurray, Fox Creek, RMH Sylvan, Taber and Utikuma Lake http://opendataareas.ca/data/

Alberta Geological Survey AGS has a large selection of maps and data for different areas of Alberta showing surficial and bedrock geology, drift thickness, groundwater/hydrogeology, and mineral resources. The AGS Open Data catalog features a subset of GIS data related to geology of the province of Alberta and published by the Alberta Geological Survey (AGS http://geology.ags-aer.opendata.arcgis.com/

Alberta Historical Orthophotosgeoreferenced orthophoto maps consisting of aerial photography mainly from 1949 to 1951 with coverage for the whole province

Airdie, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/2939

Town of Banff, Albertahttp://BanffMaps.ca & http://www.BanffOpenData.cahttp://canadiangis.com/town-of-banff-online-maps-and-apps.php

Town of Black Diamond, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/3633

Calgary, Alberta – City of Calgary Open Data Catalogue – https://data.calgary.ca – Calgary Region OPen Data http://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/1258

Calgary Region Data – The Calgary Region Open Data catalogue provides free and open access to 100+ datasets http://calgaryregionopendata.ca

City of Airdrie Datahttps://opener.dobt.co/calgary-regional-partnership/browse/2939

Town of Canmore, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/3539

City of Chestermere, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/4856

 

Edmonton, Alberta https://data.edmonton.ca – Capital Region Open Data http://crb.capitalregion.opendata.arcgis.com/datasets

City of Grande Prairie, Albertahttps://data.cityofgp.com

County of Grande Prairie, Alberta http://www.countygp.ab.ca/EN/main/community/maps-gis/open-data/data.html

Town of High River, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/6849

Town of Irricana, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/3653

Lethbridge, Alberta – http://opendata.lethbridge.ca

Medicine Hat, Alberta – http://data.medicinehat.ca

Town of Nanton, Alberta – http://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/3879

Town of Okotoks, Alberta – http://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/3776

Red Deer, Alberta – http://data.reddeer.ca

Town of Strathmore, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/7147

Southwestern Alberta (ORRSC planning region) http://www.orrsc.com/members-page

Strathcona County, Albertahttps://data.strathcona.ca

Town of Turner Valley, Albertahttp://www.calgaryregionopendata.ca/browse/3635


British Columbia

DataBC – Data BC was one of the first provincial open data sites in Canada http://www.data.gov.bc.ca & http://developer.gov.bc.ca/

BC Transit contains a variety of associated geographical info for the communities: Campbell River, Central Fraser Valley, Chilliwack, Comox Valley, Kamloops, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Prince George, Squamish, Victoria & Whistler https://bctransit.com/*/footer/open-data

Open Data Society of BC – a large mix of British Columbia data sets all together in one place https://www.opendatabc.ca/dataset

Community Mapping Network (CMN) – sharing a wealth of natural resource information and maps of various communities in British Columbia, CMN integrates data from many sources and makes it accessible through a user friendly mapping system http://www.cmnbc.ca/

Capital Regional District, British Columbia https://www.crd.bc.ca/about/data

Chilliwack, British Columbia http://www.chilliwack.com/main/page.cfm?id=2329

Kamloops, British Columbia http://www.kamloops.ca/downloads/maps/launch.htm

Kelowna, British Columbia – City of Kelowna http://www.kelowna.ca/CM/Page3936.aspx District of West Kelowna http://www.districtofwestkelowna.ca/471/Open-Data

District of Lake Country, British Columbia – http://dlc.rdco.opendata.arcgis.com

Langley, British Columbia – https://data.tol.ca/

Regional District of Central Okanagan, British Columbia – http://www.regionaldistrict.com/your-services/mapping-gis/data-files-for-download.aspx

Regional District of North Okanagan, British Columbia – http://www.rdno.ca/index.php/maps/digital-data

Nanaimo, British Columbia – http://data.nanaimo.ca

Nelsonhttp://data.nelsoncity.opendata.arcgis.com/

City of New Westminster, British Columbia – http://opendata.newwestcity.ca/

North Vancouver, British Columbia – http://www.geoweb.dnv.org/data/

Regional District of Okanagan-Similkameen, British Columbiahttp://www.rdos.bc.ca/departments/information-services/open-data-downloads

District of Peachland, British Columbia – http://peachland.rdco.opendata.arcgis.com/

Prince George, British Columbia – PG Map http://princegeorge.ca/cityservices/online/pgmaphttp://data.cityofpg.opendata.arcgis.com/

Town of Qualicum Beach, British Columbiahttps://www.opendatabc.ca/organization/qualicum-beach

Saanich, British Columbia http://www.saanich.ca/EN/main/local-government/data-catalogue-1.html

Surrey, British Columbia http://www.surrey.ca/city-services/658.aspx

Vancouver, British Columbia – City Open Data http://vancouver.ca/your-government/open-data-catalogue.aspx Metro Vancouver http://www.metrovancouver.org/data/Pages/default.aspx

Vancouver Open Data Wiki – https://www.socialtext.net/vandata/index.cgi

Vernon, British Columbiahttps://www.vernon.ca/government-services/maps-gis/open-data-catalogue

Victoria, British Columbia – http://www.victoria.ca/EN/main/city/open-data-catalogue.html

City of White Rock, British Columbia http://data.whiterockcity.ca


Manitoba

Manitoba Land Initiative – Great source for geo-spatial information from the Government of Manitoba, intended for both the GIS expert and the decision maker allowing on-line access to the MLI corporate land data warehouse. Note: Users need to be registered but it is free to register http://mli2.gov.mb.ca/

 

Brandon, Manitoba – http://opengov.brandon.ca/OpenDataService/opendata.html

Winnipeg, Manitobahttps://data.winnipeg.ca/


New Brunswick

Canadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - New Brunswick top data

GeoNB by Service New Brunswick provides Geographic Data & Maps for the province of New Brunswick including topographic layers, property data, orthophotomaps and much more. http://www.snb.ca/geonb1/GeoNB – Map-Viewer–free

Maritime Provinces Higher Education Commission – http://www.mphec.ca/research/maritimeuniversitystatistics/opendatadownloads.aspx

Fredericton, New Brunswick http://www.fredericton.ca/en/citygovernment/DataMain.asp

City of Miramichi, New Brunswickhttp://data.gis-sigmiramichi.opendata.arcgis.com/

Moncton, New Brunswick – http://www.moncton.ca/Government/Terms_of_use/Open_Data_Purpose/Data_Catalogue.htm

Saint John, New Brunswick – (includes air photos & historic maps) http://www.saintjohn.ca/en/home/cityhall/financeadmin/informationtechnology/opendata_catalogue/default.aspx

New Brunswick Wind Atlas


Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador OpenData

Open Data Newfoundland and Labradorhttp://opendata.gov.nl.ca/

Newfoundland and Labrador – http://www.stats.gov.nl.ca/Maps/

Newfoundland and Labrador Community Accounts Map Centre – http://nl.communityaccounts.ca/maps.asp?_=vb7En4WVgbOxz7Zj (collection of pre-made maps)

Community Infrastructure Mapping System – A community information shared program via google maps
http://nlcims.ca/CIMS.aspx


Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia Open Data Portalhttps://data.novascotia.ca over 325 different opne data sets across the Province including some LIDAR data sets

GeoNOVA – The Province of Nova Scotia’s gateway to geographic information about Nova Scotia. Includes free maps but mostly licensed data sets and imagery including the Nova Scotia Civic Viewer (an application with civic numbers & property data)- http://gov.ns.ca/geonova/home/

The Geomatics Association of Nova Scotia (GANS) maintains an ongoing list of the different data sets available for various places in Nova Scotia – http://gans.ca/Nova-Scotia-Geospatial-Data-Resources

Historic Nova Scotia from Above – The Richard McCully Aerial Photograph Collection, 1931 http://novascotia.ca/archives/virtual/mccully/

Maritime Provinces Higher Education Commission – http://www.mphec.ca/research/maritimeuniversitystatistics/opendatadownloads.aspx

 

Central Nova Scotia – Ortho Imagery & data for Central Nova Scotia

East Hants, Nova Scotia – http://data.easthants.opendata.arcgis.com & online maps https://www.easthants.ca/content/interactive-east-hants

Halifax, Nova Scotia – Halifax Regional Municipality Open data Portal provides geospatial data related to Civic Addresses, Buildings, Streets, Trails, Parks, Recreation and much more for Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford, Cole Harbour, Sackville and surrounding areas https://www.halifaxopendata.ca/

Halifax, Nova ScotiaLIDAR 5m Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for Halifax

Pictou County, Nova Scotiahttps://pictoucounty.net/category/maps


NWTNorth West Territories

NWT Centre for Geomatics http://geomatics.gov.nt.ca
http://www.enr.gov.nt.ca/_live/pages/wpPages/maps.aspx

Northwest Territories Geological Survey – http://www.nwtgeoscience.ca/our-data-and-searching-tools

ATLAS (The Administration of the Territorial Land Acts System) http://gis.maca.gov.nt.ca/Website/index.asp

Yellowknife, NWT – https://www.yellowknife.ca/en/discovering-yellowknife/Open-Data.asp


Nunavut.jpgNunavut

Nunavut Geoscience – http://nunavutgeoscience.ca/mirage/index_e.php (no much data but there are pre made maps)

Nunavut Minerals database (NUMIN) http://nunavutgeoscience.ca/numin_e.html


Ontario

Province of Ontario open data portal –http://www.ontario.ca/government/government-ontario-open-data
Ontario Topographic Data: http://canadiangis.com/how-to-get-ontario-topographic-data-for-your-gis.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=se7SIpM3U9A & http://www.geographynetwork.ca/website/obm/viewer.htm

Ministry of Natural Resourceshttp://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/STEL02_168321.html

Ontario Ministry of the Environment http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/environment/en/resources/collection/data_downloads/index.htm

GLIN (Great Lakes Information Network) http://gis.glin.net/

LIO (Land Information Ontario) http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/LIO/

Ontario Basic Mapping (OBM) site by the Geography Network http://www.geographynetwork.ca/website/obm/viewer.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=se7SIpM3U9A

Geology Ontario http://www.mndm.gov.on.ca/en/mines-and-minerals/applications/geologyontario

CLAIMaps – An interactive mapping tool that provides information on mining claims in Ontario, provides the ability to download map images as well as data in SHP format http://www.mndm.gov.on.ca/en/mines-and-minerals/applications/claimaps

 

Burlington, Ontario – http://cms.burlington.ca/Page7429.aspx

Brampton, Ontariohttp://open.brampton.ca/

Cambridge, Ontario – Grand River Conservation Authority https://data.grandriver.ca/downloads.html

Chatham-Kent, Ontario – http://chathamkentopendata.chatham-kent.opendata.arcgis.com/

Grand River Information Network (GRIN) – data for the Grand River watershed http://grims.grandriver.ca/imf/imf.jsp?site=grca_datadis&ddsid=52244c
http://www.grandriver.ca/index/document.cfm?Sec=63&Sub1=16&sub2=0

Grey County, Ontariohttp://opendata.grey.ca

Guelph, Ontario – http://open.guelph.ca/open-data-guelph

Haldimand County, Ontariohttp://opendata.haldimandcounty.on.ca

Halton, Ontario – http://openhalton.ca

Hamilton, Ontario – https://www.hamilton.ca/city-initiatives/strategies-actions/open-accessible-data

Huron County, Ontariohttp://huroncounty.huron.opendata.arcgis.com

Kingston, Ontariohttps://www.cityofkingston.ca/explore/data-catalogue

City of Kitchener, Ontario http://www.kitchener.ca/en/insidecityhall/open-data.asp

London, Ontario – http://www.london.ca/city-hall/open-data/Pages/default.aspx

Town of Milton, Ontariohttp://icreateopendata.public.esolutionsgroup.ca

Mississauga, Ontario – http://data.mississauga.ca/Canadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - Falls Viewer

Niagara Falls, Ontario – https://niagaraopendata.ca & http://www.fallsviewer.ca

Niagara Region, Ontario – http://www.niagararegion.ca/government/opendata

North Frontenac, Ontariohttp://data.nftwp.opendata.arcgis.com

Oakville, Ontariohttp://www.oakville.ca/data/catalogue.html

Oshawa, Ontariohttp://city.oshawa.opendata.arcgis.com

Ottawa, Ontario – http://data.ottawa.ca/ & http://blog.opendataottawa.ca

Peel Region, Ontario – http://opendata.peelregion.ca

Peterborough, Ontariohttps://www.peterborough.gov.uk/council/council-data/open-data

St.Catherines, Ontario – included with the Niagara Open Data website (https://niagaraopendata.ca)

Sudbury, Ontariohttps://www.greatersudbury.ca/inside-city-hall/open-government/open-data

Thunder Bay, Ontariohttp://www.thunderbay.ca/Living/Getting_Around/Thunder_Bay_Transit/Developers_-_Open_Data.htm

Toronto, Ontario – http://www.toronto.ca/open

Waterloo, Ontario (City of Waterloo) – http://opendata.waterloo.ca

Waterloo, Ontario (Region of Waterloo) – http://www.regionofwaterloo.ca/en/regionalgovernment/OpenDataHome.asp

Welland, Ontariohttps://www.welland.ca/open/Opendata.asp

Windsor, Ontario – http://www.citywindsor.ca/opendata/Pages/Open-Data-Catalogue.aspx

York Region – www.york.ca/opendata & https://ww6.yorkmaps.ca/YorkMaps/

 

The University of Toronto Open Data Catalogue contains various data sets http://maps.library.utoronto.ca/cgi-bin/open.pl?display=all


Prince Edward IslandCanadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - PEI online map aerial photo index map

 

PEI GIS Data Cataloghttp://www.gov.pe.ca/gis/

http://www.gov.pe.ca/maps/index.php3 (download air photos available for the whole Province with many historic sets as well)

Maritime Provinces Higher Education Commission – http://www.mphec.ca/research/maritimeuniversitystatistics/opendatadownloads.aspx


Québec

Government of Québec Open Datahttps://www.donneesquebec.ca

Quebec Ministère de l’Énergie http://www.mrn.gouv.qc.ca/english/home.jsp
Québec Ouvert http://www.quebecouvert.org

 

La Ville de Blainville, Quebec – https://www.donneesquebec.ca/fr/organisation/ville-de-blainville

Gatineau, Quebec – http://www.gatineau.ca/donneesouvertes/donnees_ouvertes_fr.aspx & http://gatineauouverte.org

Ville de Laval, Quebechttps://www.donneesquebec.ca/fr/organisation/ville-de-laval

La Ville de Longueuil, Québec – https://www.donneesquebec.ca/fr/organisation/ville-de-longueuil

Montréal, Québec http://donnees.ville.montreal.qc.ca & – http://montrealouvert.net/?lang=en

Québec City, Québec http://donnees.ville.quebec.qc.ca & http://capitaleouverte.org

Shawinigan, Québec – http://donnees.shawinigan.opendata.arcgis.com

Sherbrooke, Québec – https://www.ville.sherbrooke.qc.ca


SaskatchewanCanadian Open Data / Canadian GIS Data - Dawson City Quickbird 2006

GeoSask – open data resources for Saskatchewan http://opendatask.ca

Information Services Corporation of Saskatchewan offers real-time, graphical data that assists in searching for plans of surveys, parcels and titles. ISC also provides services such as custom mapping, acquisition of satellite images and aerial photography. – http://www.isc.ca/MapsandPhotos/GISData/Pages/default.aspx

Regina, Saskatchewan – http://open.regina.ca – Regina online mapping application http://culture.regina.ca

Saskatoon, Saskatchewan – http://opendata-saskatoon.cloudapp.net/


Yukon

Geomatics Yukon GIS Data and Yukon Lands Viewer

Whitehorse, Yukonhttp://data.whitehorse.ca

[This is a dynamic page that changes all the time and was originally published December, 2015]


Disclaimer: Although we do test all links that we publish on CanadianGIS.com, those links and sites are not under our control and therefore are provided here solely for your information and convenience. We are not responsible for the accuracy or reliability of the content and or information found on these sites through these links. Also note that sites can change from time without notice. If anyone discovers dead links or has new information then by all means let us know and we will update this page.